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MISCELLANEOUS INSURANCES & TECHNIQUES OF SELLING
Package insurance designed to meet the requirements of a householder by combining a number of covers divided into eleven sections.
( 1 a Building 1 b Contents)
Loss or damage to the building and contents, belonging to the proposer and his family members, permanently residing with him
Burglary, house breaking including larceny and theft of contents (excluding money & valuables) Compulsory Section
All risk insurance of jewellery and valuable anywhere in India.
Loss or damage to fixed plate glass, by accidental means.
Mechanical or electric breakdowns of domestic electrical appliances.
Losses or damage to T.V. set including VCP/VCR and Third party liability for collapse of antenna up to Rs. 3,000.
Losses or damage to pedal cycle including legal liability to t p
Loss or damage to personal baggage during travel in India.
Personal accident insurance for insured, spouse and children.
Legal liabilities in respect of accidental death or bodily injury to third party. (As per WC Act towards employees/Common law).
This policy is designed for small shopkeepers whose property is valued up to Rs.10 lakhs. This is also package insurance with combination of various covers usually required by a shopkeeper. the cover is divided into following 11 sections
Fire & allied perils ( 1A building – 1 B contents) loss or damage to the building and contents belonging to the proposer against fire and allied perils like lightning, explosion, bursting and overflowing of water tanks or pipes, riots and strikes, earthquakes, subsidence, flood, storm, cyclone and malicious act.
Burglary, housebreaking of building and contents (theft risk not covered)
Loss of money in transit, money / valuables by burglary whilst contained in safe in the insured premises
Loss or damage to pedal cycle including legal liability to third parties upto a limit of Rs. 10,000/-
Loss or damage to fixed plate glass by accidental and / or malicious means
Loss or damage to neon signs, glow signs by accidental external means, fire, lightning, external explosion, theft, riot, strike and malicious act
Loss or damage to personal baggage of insured / employees including baggage in connection with trade anywhere in India
Personal accident insurance for insured and his employees
Fidelity insurance due to fraud or dishonesty committed by any salaried employee
Legal liability in respect of accidental death or bodily injury and property damage to third party. Legal liability as per W.C. Act/Common Law towards employees.
This section covers financial losses arising out of business interruption as a direct result of fire or allied peril.
This policy provides for cashless hospitalization in India for the treatment of any illness or disease or accidental injury (not specifically excluded) suffered during the policy period. the reimbursement of domiciliary hospitalization claims will also be made through the third party administrator (T.P.A.)
The payment of claim is made through T.P.A. empanelled by the company for hassle free admission and discharge from the network hospital without making any payment.
Treatment abroad is not covered.
Sum Insured starts from Rs. 15000/- to 5 lakhs in slabs of Rs. 5000/-.
Pre and Post hospitalisation expenses 30 days and 60 days respectively are also payable
Sub-limit in hospitalisation benefits applicable.
Package charges are fully covered upto sum insured
7 types of tests are required at designated centres for age above 45 yrs.
Premium is subject 80 D section of Income Act applicable if paid by cheque.
Sum insured will be increased by 5 % for each claim free year subject to max. 50 % however 10 % cumulative bonus is reduced for claim
At least 15 in-patient beds (10 beds in class ‘c’ city)
Fully equipped operation theatre where surgical operations are carried out
Qualified nursing staff round the clock
Qualified doctor in charge round the clock
Named ailments (hernia, piles, cataract etc.) excluded for 1st year & pre-existing ailments are excluded.
Diseases contracted by the insured during first 30 days.
The purpose of personal insurance is to pay fixed compensation for death or disablement resulting from accidental bodily injury caused by accidental external & visible means. The company shall pay to the insured or his legal personal representative, the sum or sums as per terms & conditions of the policy.
|1 – Death only (100 % C. S. I.)||1,00,000/-|
|2 – Loss of two limbs two eyes or one limb & one eye (100 % C.S.I)||1,00,000/-|
|3 – Loss of one limb or one eye (50 % C.S.I)||50,000/-|
|4 – Permanent Total Disablement (PTD) from injuries (100% C.S.I.)||1,00,000/-|
|5 – Permanent Partial Disablement (PPD) as specified %|
|6 – Temporary Total Disablement (TTD) at 1 % C.S.I. upto 100 weeks (maximum weekly benefit Rs. 3000)||1,000/-|
Amount of compensation shown if sum inured is Rs. One lakh
Body Carriage Charges: Expenses incurred for carriage of dead body of insured person (death due to accident only) to place of residence maximum 2 % of C.S.I or Rs. 2500/- whichever is less
Education Grant: (in the event of death or P.T.D of insured due to accident)
|One dependent child (Below 25 yrs.)||10 % of C.S.I. maximum Rs.5,000/ on all policies|
|Two dependent child (Below 25 yrs.)||10 % of C. S. I. maximum .Rs.10,000/- on all policies|
This benefit is based on C.S.I. and not on cumulative bonus. This is a one Time payment.
The maximum C.S.I. cannot exceed 72 times the monthly income however C.S.I. on death only should not exceed 24 times the monthly income
The cover is worldwide and is available in age group of 5 to 70 years.
Commutative bonus increases by 5 % each year (maximum 50 %) of benefits as above (policy to be renewed within 30 days of expiry
It can be granted on the following terms :-
|Earning member (insured & spouse if earning)||C. S. I. for each as per norms|
|Spouse (if not earning)||50 % of C.S.I. of earning member or Rs.1 lakh whichever is less|
|Children (between 5 to 25 years)||25 % of C.S. I of earning member or Rs. 50,000/- whichever is less|
For children, weekly compensation cannot be granted. Discount of 10 % on gross premium is granted under family cover. Additional premium of 20 % – for medical expenses upto 10 % of C. S. I. or 40 % of valid claims.
Risk group | – normal risk – like doctors, lawyers, and bankers etc.
Risk group || – medium risk – like builders, contractors, truck drivers, motor mechanics, professional athletes etc.
Risk group ||| – heavy risk – like circus personnel, skiing, ice hockey, working in underground mines, mountaineering etc.
Intentional, self- injury, suicide or attempted suicide, death or disablement resulting from child birth and pregnancy, accident while the insured is under the influence of intoxicating liquor or drugs, war and allied perils.
1. Art of prospecting
2. Ethical selling
3. Communications skills
4. Importance of after sales service
5. Customer loyalty building for persisting
6. Dos and Don’ts for POS-Person
7. Grievance Redressal Mechanism
8. AML/KYC Guidelines
1. Art of prospecting
Prospecting is the art of finding out probable buyers of insurance. It is major activity, which leads to insurance selling. It is not that everybody whom POS-Person meets will take insurance. Out of 20 people met in a day few, say 8 to 10 may show interest in buying insurance. Out of those even few, say 2 or 3 may go in for actual buying.
1.1 Who is prospect?
Prospect are people who can pay for insurance. A person with no income is not a prospect.
Prospects must have a need (one or many) for insurance. Cattle owners are prospect for cattle insurance. Poultry farm owners are prospect for poultry insurance. A person with responsibilities of family needs of Life Insurance. Health insurance is needed by everybody.
They should be able to pass the requirements of underwriting fixed by the insurance company. Finally POS-Person should be able to approach them.
1.2 They should first of all find out the prospects to which he can approach and try for their insurance. He has to prepare a list of such.
To prepare the list of prospects, following methods can be utilized
i) References: A relative, a friend or an existing policy holder. These people may provide reference to them, if asked for.
ii) Centre of influence: These are important persons in area through whom others can be approached. For example: Sarpanch of the village, Manager of the Gramin bank, Head master of a school, etc.
iii) Nests: These are the large groups like employees of a bank, members of gram sabha etc. Once they get entry into their circle selling becomes easy.
iv) Cold canvassing: This is meeting a person whom POS-Person does not know and with whom he does not have introduction or any meeting in past. This is a technique which is effective; it helps in increasing customer base.
v) Policy holders: Existing policyholders to whom they have sold insurance in past can be approached for few products/enhanced cover.
1.3 Pre approach: After classification of prospects the POS-Person should prepare for meeting them personally. But before meeting them he should collect the maximum information about the prospects through various sources and prepare himself mentally as to what he will be trying to convince them to go in for particular insurance policies.
1.4 Meeting with prospect: In meeting with prospects the POS-person should present policy which suits the requirements of the prospects. During discussion prospect should be told about various advantages and deficiencies of the product.
2. Ethical selling
In selling insurance, POS-Persons’ main concern should be to sell products which are appropriate for the needs of the customers. Need Gap and advising suitable solution to prospect is the important for them.
Every person should follow ethical standard when working as a POS-Person Ethical standard depend upon the actions of selling and servicing of insurance products, they relate to best and right practices.
While selling insurance has to behave in ethical manner. This means that he should not suggest products which are not useful of harmful to the clients
Examples of unethical behaviour:
i) Projecting very high benefits under a plan: telling the prospect that his investment in a life policy will become double or five times in 3 years period.
ii) Not making complete and true disclosures about the product and its features: tell the client that every thing is covered. Like for a house insurance say that it will cover all the losses including collapse under a fire policy, when it is excluded.
iii) Offer a rebate or inducement in return to purchase a policy: parting with part of a commission or paying the first premium under the life policy are prohibited under Insurance Act 1938 and are punishable with fine of Rs. 500/-
iv) Unethical behaviour is reflected in overselling of insurance; giving clients policies of higher amounts on which he cannot pay premium for the full term.
v) Under insurance: Not insuring client’s requirement fully, just to show him less premium is payable. For example issuing only fire policy but not giving him earthquake prone area.
vi) Churning: In churning client is advised to cancel the old policy and go in for a new plan. This may earn high commission for intermediaries but policyholder losses heavily or cancellation of policies or surrendering them.
Use of unethical means in sale of insurance is called misselling and result in rejection, delay in settlement of claim or client losing money because of false promises. Misselling may be beneficial for a short term in long term it damages not only image and reputation of POS-person the insurance company with whom he is connected with.
3. COMMUNICATION SKILLS
3.1 What is communication?
All communications require a sender, who sends a message, and a receiver of that message. The process is complete once the receiver has understood the message of the sender.
Communication makes take several forms – oral, written, non-verbal and using body language. It may be face to face, over the phone, or by mail or internet. It may be formal or informal. Whatever the content or form of the message or the media used, the essence of communication is that whatever the receiver has understood is the same which sender wanted to send.
Communication can get distorted because of the following reasons:
i) Impression about the sender, there are some persons about whom everybody believes that whatever they are saying is not true.
Ii The message has been poorly designed, the different message being sent through verbal, written and non-verbal forms.
iii) Too much or too little has been conveyed; lot of noise too little substance.
iv) The sender has not understood the receiver’s culture. Difference due to use of different language, body language.
The real challenge is to overcome these barriers.
Another important aspect of communication is one need to be aware about the importance of listening skills. This follows from a well-known principal that it is important ‘first to understand before being understood’.
How well you listen has a major impact on your effectiveness, and on the quality of your relationships with others.
Active Listening: The most important aspect of listening is active listening where we consciously try to hear and also, more important, try to understand the complete message being sent.
Active listening consists of:
a) Paying attention to the speaker
b) Show him by your gestures that you are listening
c) Provide feed back
During active listening stage it is important to allow the speaker to finish each point before asking questions.
Responding Appropriately: Active listening implies much more than, just hearing what a speaker saying. The discussion can be completed only when the listener responds in some way through word or action.
Empathetic Listening: Being empathetic literally means putting yourself in the other person’s shoes and feeling his or her experience as he or she would feel it.
Listening with empathy is an important aspect of all good customer service. It becomes especially critical when the other person is a customer with a grievance and in a lot of pain.
Empathy implies hearing and listening patiently, and with full attention, to what the other person has to say, even when you do not agree with it.
4. IMPORTANCE OF AFTER SALES SERVICE
4.1. Selling insurance is like selling a price of paper of trust. Building trust is a continuous process. Post-sales service is an opportunity to consolidate and build that trust.
Insurance is service industry, it’s not a one-time sale of product but it is a continue process. If you provide good service without asking, the policy holder may refer your name to others for their insurance needs.
Insurance business about building relationships and keeping them. Maintaining a good relationship is more important than just getting business from a customer. That is why it is very important to provide good after sales service.
After sale service in insurance includes the followings:
i) Delivering premium receipts and policies.
ii) Reminding policyholder about due date of payment of renewal premium.
iii) Helping policyholder in making payment to insurers by educating him the methods and options of payments available with him.
iv) Informing policyholder about launching of a new insurance product that may be suitable for the client.
v) Advising policyholder about informing changes in risk to insurers and educating them about the procedures to be followed in affecting the change.
Example: Procedure for change in nomination under life policy. In case of house insurance change in occupation of the building.
vi) In case of claim advise client or his legal heir (in case of death claims) about the procedure to be followed, forms to be filled up and documents to be collected and submitted to insurers. If there is need of intimating to other authorities like police, fire brigade, local authority etc. policyholder should be guided about.
vii) Follow up claims with insurers for faster settlements.
5. CUSTOMER LOYALTY BUILDING FOR PERSISTENCY
Customer loyalty is very important in insurance. If a customer remains with POS-Person or with the company for which he works it helps in growth of the company and also of the POS-person. There is no sense of bringing in more customers and losing old ones, because more time, efforts and expenses are required to bring in a new customer but to retain and old one it is not so.
Instead of always targeting for new customers it is advisable to target changed need of old customers. This will automatically help in growth of the business and at the same time customer confidence. Because of this increased confidence and trust arising out of long term relationships the client may refer POS-person name to his other friends and relatives.
In both branches life and non-life insurance, it is important to retain customer. It is more important in life insurance where for a new policy the expenses and efforts are relatively higher compared to renewals.
5.1 Efforts of loss of old customers:
i) If old customers are lost the POS-Person and insurer both loss financially due to reduction in business.
ii) Policyholder loss benefits of insurance covers, if they do not renew their insurances or terminate before term by surrender, cancellation etc.
For them it amounts to loss of commission income
5.2 Benefits of persistency:
a) Achievements of business targets for insurer and also for the POS-Person
b) The income of insurer and the POS-person increases as in addition to new business renewals are also part of the business income.
c) Costs of acquiring new business is much more than acquiring renewals.
d) Customer is satisfied because over a period of time he achieves what he had planned at the time of taking insurance otherwise when insurance protection/money is needed it is not there.
5.3 High level of persistency can be achieved by:
1) Need based selling: Always sell appropriate policies designed for the customers need. Number one cause of policyholder leaving is when he feels that the policy which has been sold to him does not fulfil his need.
2) Continues right advice: The policyholder must be advised throughout the life. For achieving this it is essential that the POS-person must remain in touch with him. The Person must remind him about all insurance related information; including premium payment.
3) Good servicing: The intermediary should be available to policyholder at all time for any type of insurance related service; including claim.
6. Dos and Don’t for POS-Person
6.1. Dos for POS-Person
a) Person has to conduct business with utmost good faith and integrity, with due care and diligence.
b) Identify himself as a POS-LI Person, and show the licence if a prospect demands it.
c) He has to provide information about insurance products, on sale. While advising the prospect to purchase a specific insurance policy, he has to take into account needs of the prospect.
d) He has to keep all information given by the prospect, confidential.
e) He has to disclose the commission he earns, if asked by prospect.
f) He has to indicate premium that will be charged by insurer.
g) He has to explain the prospect the information and other details, and its importance that will be required for insurance.
h) He has to inform insurance company about any adverse health conditions, personal habits or income inconsistencies of prospect in a confidential report, along with every proposal.
i) He has to inform the consequences of non-disclosure and inaccuracies to prospect.
j) He has to communicate promptly to prospect about acceptance/rejection of a proposal.
k) He has to advise policyholder to effect nomination or assignment or change of address or exercise of option, as the case may be, and provide necessary assistance in these matters.
l) He has to provide assistance to the policyholder/claimants/beneficiaries in submitting requirements for the settlement of claims to the insurance company from proposal.
m) He has to forward the information received from the policyholder regarding claim or any event likely to cause claim, without delay.
n) He has to communicate the insurance companies’ decision regarding claim to the claimant without delay. He has to provide all reasonable assistance to claimant in purchasing the claim.
o) He has to ensure that the statements made to customer regarding policies are neither misleading nor extravagant.
p) He has to ensure compliance of
a) Section 64-VB of Insurance Act 1938
b) Section 41 of the Insurance Act 1938, by drawing attention of the prospect
c) Anti Money Laundering (AML) and Know Your Customer (KYC) guidelines.
6.2. Don’t for POS-person
a) Do not to solicit or accept any insurance business without a valid license.
b) Do not induce prospect to omit any material information in the proposal form.
c) Do not induce prospect to submit wrong information in the proposal form or documents submitted to insurance company for acceptance of proposal.
d) Do not behave in discourteous manner with the prospect, the policyholder or the claimant.
e) Do not interfere with proposals brought by others.
f) Do not offer different rates and terms than those offered by insurers.
g) Do not demand or receive benefit/share out of insurance money paid to the beneficiary.
h) Do not force policy holders to terminate existing and to effect a new policy within three years from the date of such termination.
7. Grievance Redressal Mechanism
For any organization, customer service and customer satisfaction are the prime concerns. A prompt and efficient service is required not only to attract new customers but also to retain the existing customers. So, every organization has put in place a grievance redressal system to provide proper service delivery and identify the shortcomings.
Some of the noted principles on Grievance Redressal mechanism are as follows:
8. AML/KYC Guidelines
IRDAI issues Anti-Money Laundering (AML) and Know Your Customer (KYC) guidelines which every insurer has to comply with.
Establish Sources of Funds
Income proofs doesn’t constitute establishing ‘source of funds’. Insurers should take appropriate measures commensurate with the assessed risk of customer and product profile as part of their due diligence measures which may include:
FATF (Financial Action Task Force)
It is imperative to conduct detailed due diligence while taking insurance risk exposure to individuals/entities connected with countries which do not, or insufficiently apply, the FATF recommendations.